Thursday, April 19, 2018

This story needs to be watched; for now "intercommunion" rejected

Cardinal Reinhard Marx of Munich and Freising and Cardinal Rainer Woelki of Cologne in Rome, Italy on March 14, 2013.
Cardinal Reinhard Marx of Munich and Freising and Cardinal Rainer Woelki of Cologne in Rome, Italy on March 14, 2013. (Paul Badde/EWTN)
Blogs |  Apr. 18, 2018
Vatican Rejects German Bishops’ Intercommunion Proposal
Sources confirm that, with the Holy Father’s approval, the Vatican’s head of doctrine has thrown out the bishops’ pastoral guide allowing Holy Communion for some Protestant spouses, but the Pope wishes the rejection letter to remain secret.
The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, with the approval of Pope Francis, has written a letter to German bishops rejecting their proposal to allow some Protestant spouses to receive Holy Communion, but the Pope does not wish the letter to be made public, the Register has learned.
Sources in the Vatican and Germany say that Archbishop Luis Ladaria, the current prefect of the CDF, wrote the letter and that it was given papal approval.
“It’s a rejection of the pastoral plan,” said a high level source in the German Church, speaking on condition of anonymity, adding that there are “no differences” between Archbishop Ladaria and his predecessor, Cardinal Gerhard Müller, on the matter.
But two senior sources have also confirmed that the Pope wants the letter to remain secret for reasons unknown.
The Austrian Catholic website revealed Wednesday that the Vatican had issued its response, which came after seven German bishops, led by Cardinal Rainer Woelki of Cologne, wrote to the CDF last month to say they believed the proposal contradicted Catholic doctrine, undermined Church unity and exceeded the competence of the bishops’ conference.
At their spring conference in February, Germany’s bishops voted overwhelmingly in favor of producing a guide, or pastoral handout, to allow a Protestant partner of a Catholic to receive the Eucharist in some cases and under certain conditions.
They decided that permission could be granted if, after having made a “serious examination” of conscience with a priest or another person with pastoral responsibilities, the partner “affirms the faith of the Catholic Church,” wishes to end “serious spiritual distress,” and has a “longing to satisfy a hunger for the Eucharist.”
At the time, Cardinal Reinhard Marx, president of the German bishops’ conference, said the guide would be a “pastoral handout” and that the intention was not to “change any doctrine.” He said the proposal also ruled out any path for Protestant spouses to conversion, otherwise known as an “ecumenism of return.” It also left much discretion to the local bishop.
The Register learned that only 13 of Germany’s 67 bishops voted against the proposal, or abstained. But the proposal caused considerable unease elsewhere: Cardinals Francis Arinze, Gerhard Müller, Walter Brandmüller, and Paul Cordes all decried the move.
Cardinal Müller called the proposal a “rhetorical trick” pulled on believers, most of whom he noted are not theologians. He stressed that interdenominational marriage is “not an emergency situation,” and that “neither the Pope nor we bishops can redefine the sacraments as a means of alleviating mental distress and satisfying spiritual needs” as they are “effective signs of the grace of God.”
Cardinal Brandmüller said the German bishops' weak opposition to the proposal was a “scandal, no question.”

Damaged Power Base
Today’s news of the Vatican’s decision will come as an embarrassment to Cardinal Marx who is facing a revolt by bishops in Bavaria. The German daily Bild noted this week that "five out of six Bavarian bishops have publicly challenged Marx on a central question (Holy Communion),” and that it was therefore clear: “His power base is damaged.” Quoting one of the rebel bishops, the newspaper added: “It’ll soon be basta [enough] for Reinhard.”
The German bishops' conference has tried to deny the reports. Spokesman Matthias Kopp said the conference was “unaware” of any such rejection, but in any case, he said Cardinal Marx had not sent the handout to the Vatican, and it was only a “draft subject to revision.” He added that the information provided by was therefore “inconclusive and we cannot confirm it."
Bernhard Kellner, Cardinal Marx’s spokesman, said “no comment,” when asked about the letter by the Munich-based daily Münchener-Merkur.
But a source close to the German Church poured scorn on Kopp’s response, saying it was the equivalent of “throwing sand in one’s eyes” and a case of “smoke and mirrors.”
He is using a “classic tactic” of the Left, he said. “Try to get something through the backdoor by submitting a draft, then see if you can get away with it, and if you can’t, say it was ‘only a draft.’”
The source also stressed the intercommunion idea has been floating around the halls of the German bishops’ conference for years, and didn’t just suddenly appear. “It’s no coincidence that it came out now,” he said.
Another source with detailed knowledge of the German Church said that more German bishops opposed the move than the voting numbers suggest, but he added that the bishops find it difficult to mount any significant resistance due to powerful figures behind the episcopate. In particular, he cited Jesuit Father Hans Langendörfer, general secretary of the German bishops' conference, and Kopp.
Both, he said, control almost all of the German Catholic media, including the German section of Vatican Media and News, backed up by significant funding.
But the predominant issue remains: why does the Pope wish the rejection letter to remain secret?
One probable reason, according to some observers, is because the rejection does not fit the narrative and direction of this pontificate.
The Pope, they recall, showed his sympathy for the German bishops' proposal in 2015 when he appeared to allow a Lutheran spouse to receive Holy Communion in accordance with her conscience.

A Thursday Morning Papal Homily

Santa Marta - Copyright: Vatican Media

Pope’s Morning Homily: Evangelization Means ‘Get Up and Go’

During Morning Mass, Francis Reminds ‘Armchair’ Evangelization Does Not Exist

Evangelization is not theoretical, but involves getting up and going, in real life and situations.
According to Vatican News, Pope Francis stressed this during his daily morning Mass at Casa Santa Marta as he reflected on the account of Philip’s evangelizing activity in Acts 8:26-40.
“Evangelization is not theoretical,” the Pope said. “Evangelization takes place person to person. The starting point is a situation, not a theory. [Philip] announces Jesus Christ, and the courage of the Spirit moves him to baptize . Go beyond.
‘Go, go, until you feel that your work has been accomplished. This is how to evangelize.”
To explain evangelization, the Pope using three expressions: “Get up”, “draw near”, and “start with an actual situation.”
Every Christian, Francis stressed, has an obligation and mission to evangelize. The Lord, the Jesuit Pope observed, evangelizes and wants us to, ‘just like the wind does with seeds from plants, it transports and sows them elsewhere.’
Discussing “Get up and go,” the Pope said: “Evangelization is not proselytism.”
“True evangelization takes place under the action of the Holy Spirit. It is the Spirit who indicates in mysterious ways where we are to go and to whom we are to ‘proclaim the name of Jesus.’”
Reflecting on the Holy Spirit’s interaction with Philip, the Pope said: “And he begins saying: “Get up and go”. Get up and go to that place. An ‘armchair’ evangelization does not exist. “Get up and go”. It is always on the move. “Go”. Movement. Go to the place where you must declare the Word.”
Many missionaries who left everything to bring the Word of God to far away places, the Pope observed, “not having the antibodies to resist the illnesses of those lands,” died or were martyred.
The Holy Father emphasized ‘drawing near’ in order to use actual situations.
Instead of beginning with a theory, the Holy Father noted, we need to draw near to what is actually occurring and start from that. Evangelization, he noted, is not about theory, but about real situations and people.
Pope Francis concluded, saying: “Go, go, until you feel that your work has been accomplished. This is how to evangelize.”

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Is there really a St Expeditus, let's ask St Fragile'

St. Expeditus

Image of St. Expeditus


Feastday: April 19
Patron of emergencies, expeditious solutions, against procrastination, merchants, navigators, programmers, and hackers revolutionaries
Death: 303

At one time there was much talk of a Saint Expeditus, and some good people were led to believe that, when there was need of haste, petitioning Saint Expeditus was likely to meet with prompt settlement. However, there is no adequate reason to think that any such saint was ever invoked in the early Christian centuries; in fact it is more than doubtful whether the saint ever existed. In the "Hieronymianum" the name Expeditus occurs among a group of martyrs both on the 18th and 19th of April, being assigned in the one case to Rome, and in the other to Melitene in Armenia; but there is no vestige of any tradition which would corroborate either mention, whereas there is much to suggest that in both lists the introduction of the name is merely a copyist's blunder. Hundreds of similar blunders have been quite definitely proved to exist in the same document.
There is also a story which pretends to explain the origin of this "devotion" by an incident of modern date. A packing case, we are told, containing a body of a saint from the catacombs, was sent to a community of nuns in Paris. The date of its dispatch was indicated by the use of the word "spedito", but the recipients mistook this for the name of the martyr and set to work with great energy to propagate his cult. From these simple beginnings, it is asserted, a devotion to St. Expeditus spread rapidly through many Catholic countries. It should be pointed out that though the recognition of St. Expeditus as the patron of dispatch depends beyond doubt upon a play upon words - still the particular story about the Paris nuns falls to pieces, because as far back as 1781 this supposed martyr, St. Expeditus, was chosen patron of the town of Acireale in Sicily, and because pictures of him were in existence in Germany in the eighteenth century which plainly depicted him as a saint to be invoked against procrastination.

A Saint from Scripture and one of the original Deacons too

St. Timon

Image of St. Timon


Feastday: April 19
Death: 1st century

One of the Seven Deacons chosen by the Apostles to assist in the ministering to the Nazarene community of Jerusalem. He was mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (6:5), although the traditions concerning him are confusing

The death of retired Bishop Foley of Birmingham

Former Catholic bishop of Birmingham dies 

Bishop David Foley was head of the Catholic Diocese of Birmingham from 1994-2005.
Bishop David Foley was head of the Catholic Diocese of Birmingham from 1994-2005.(Joe Songer/

Retired Bishop David Foley, former head of the Catholic Diocese of Birmingham from 1994-2005, died Tuesday night, the diocese announced.
Foley had been battling cancer. He died at 7:01 p.m., April 17, at the St. John Vianney Residence for Priests. He was 88.
Foley was hospitalized on Feb. 25.
The Birmingham diocese, which includes 90,000 Catholics in north-central Alabama, maintains a high profile in the Roman Catholic Church worldwide as home to Eternal Word Television Network.
"All of us at EWTN are saddened by the death of the Most Reverend David Foley who served the Diocese of Birmingham as Bishop for over a decade," said Michael P. Warsaw, chairman and chief executive officer of EWTN Global Catholic Network.
Warsaw said he had known Foley since he was a pastor in the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C., 30 years ago. "Throughout his life and wherever his service to the Church took him, he was always known for his keen intellect, pastoral sensitivity and powerful preaching," Warsaw said.
Bishop Foley sent out a hand-written open letter earlier this month.
Foley had been an occasional on-air personality for EWTN, which gave him some national TV exposure.
 "During his time as Bishop of Birmingham, he served as a member of the EWTN Board of Governors," Warsaw said. "He also took great joy in hosting 'Pillars of Faith', a weekly live call-in television program that examined the Catechism of the Catholic Church from cover to cover."

Foley was also a long-time friend and associate to Mother Angelica, the nun who founded the international network based in Irondale.
 "Despite their occasional disagreements, when Mother Angelica suffered her stroke and brain hemorrhage in 2001, Bishop Foley was one of the first to be at her bedside and he remained a frequent visitor to pray for her," Warsaw said. "He never wavered in his respect for all that Mother had accomplished and was always supportive of the Network she founded. May God reward him for his life of service to the Church, and may he rest In peace."
Pope John Paul II assigned Foley to Birmingham in 1994 after Foley had been named an auxiliary bishop in 1986 and served in Richmond, Va.
Foley sent out a handwritten open letter to the diocese on April 5 as he knew he was approaching death. "Our Lord Jesus Christ has blessed me through you in the outpouring of love," he wrote.

Our brand new Catholic finds Catholicism all over the Bible

Lizzie from Lizzie's Answers is bringing it with the fresh perspective and graces of being fully Catholic.  She will help grow the Church.

Here she is teaching from Scripture some of core teachings of Holy Mother Church:

More on the Pope's efforts to save a child's life

EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Father of Alfie Evans: The Pope Told Me ‘No Child’s Life Should Be Taken Away From Him’
Tom Evans Tells Zenit That During Meeting Pope Was Asked to Seek Asylum Personally for Them & Eventual Citizenship

During an encounter to discuss baby Alfie Evans, the Pope told Alfie’s father ‘no child’s life should be taken away from him.’
In an exclusive interview with Zenit this morning in the Vatican, Tom Evans stressed this, noting Alfie is doing well and showing more signs of life, especially after receiving his sacraments. Tom had privately met the Pope at Casa Santa Marta before the Pope’s General Audience this morning, where he asked the Pontiff to seek asylum for them in Italy, for his two-year-old son to be able to receive treatment at the Vatican’s Bambino Gesu children’s hospital in Rome.
 Pope Francis has made strong appeals to protect the life of Alfie Evans.  At the conclusion of today’s audience, the Pope pleaded for Alfie underscoring “the only master of life is God.” During his Sunday Regina Caeli, Pope Francis similarly appealed, saying: “Let us pray so that every sick person is always respected in his dignity and cared for in a way adapted to his condition, with the harmonious contribution of the family, of doctors and of other health workers, with great respect for life.”
The Pope also tweeted last week, stressing that everything be done to help protect Alfie’s life and to make the parents’ suffering be heard.
Little Alfie has been at the center of a legal battle in the UK to keep him alive. Since December 2016, Alfie has been living with an unidentified degenerative neurological condition and has stayed in the hospital. Despite some signs of improvement, however, the hospital and courts have been saying to take him off life support, against the parents’ wishes.
Here is a working transcription of Zenit’s exclusive interview.
ZENIT: How was your encounter with the Pope this morning?
It went as well as it could have. I was very pleased to meet him. He praised me for my courage. He said I have courage like God. He said there are not many men out there who can take on this type of problem. He stated that ‘no child’s life should be taken away from them.’ I listened very well to what he said.
I am hoping that the next step from this encounter is that the Holy Father will attain for us asylum in the Vatican, and that we are going to become Vatican, Italian citizens. That is what our next goal is. From the look on Pope Francis’ face, as you know, I do not understand Italian, but he looked very touched. He was listening and making eye contact. For me, that was the most important thing about the meeting. I am very fortunate to have had this meeting and I am very confident the Pope will do what he can to save Alfie.
ZENIT: So your hope to save Alfie is to be given asylum here and citizenship?
ZENIT: What did you ask him?
I asked the Pope personally to seek asylum in his country. So we wait for an answer for that now.
ZENIT: Did he have certain curiosities? or specific questions?
Not specific questions. He wanted to know more about Alfie, what was going on in the UK, how the children are being treated over there. And I let him know how they are treating the disabled children, and while euthanasia is not legal over there, but for some reason they think it is legal to euthanize these children. I wanted the Pope to know what is really going on in the UK, what is going on in Alfie’s situation. And I am hoping that the next step is to get Alfie asylum in this country.
ZENIT: And during the audience?
He spoke very clear today, stressing that only God is the Master of life, not others, appealing for the defense of my son’s life, and others in similar situations.
ZENIT: How did today’s meeting come to fruition?
Basically I spoke with a friend of mine, you know Benedetta [Benedetta Frigerio, Italian journalist], and said I am going to go Rome, the Vatican, and do a live video and try to get the Pope’s attention. I didn’t even have to do that because the amazing team, including Christine [Christine-Therese Broesamle], managed to get us the meeting directly with the Pope, which went very well. I am really happy to be here today and the support from Italy has been amazing, and I am hoping that the next step is that we become Italian citizens.
ZENIT: How will you be spending your remaining time in Rome?
Well, I am going to get some food, get a shower. I was offered to stay here overnight, but the main priority for me is to get back to Alfie. So I want to get a flight to Alfie as soon as possible.
ZENIT: How is Alfie doing?
He is doing very well. He had his sacraments a day or two ago. And after those sacraments, he has shown very positive signs. He has been showing various signs of more life.
And I am going to keep praying, and the world is praying and we are going to leave the situation in the hands of God.
ZENIT: You are and will be in our prayers.
Thank you
Relevant Article on ZENIT:
Alfie’s Team: Alder Hey Hospital Treats ‘Duty to Care’ as ‘Duty to Kill’:

Pope decries England's bloodthirsty need to kill sick children and tell parents you have no rights to your own child

Photo courtesy of member of Alfie's core team

Pope Appeals for Alfie Evans: The Only Master of Life Is God

Asks All Present to Pray in Silence for Alfie and Vincent Lambert

Pope Francis has made a strong appeal to protect the life of Alfie Evans, stressing the only master of life is God.
At the end of today’s General Audience, the Pope again voiced his appeal to defend the life of Alfie Evans and Vincent Lambert, both with illnesses needing strict medical care. Pope Francis met with Tom Evans, Alfie’s father, in the Vatican this morning. ZENIT has an exclusive interview with Tom that will be published as soon as possible.
In his remarks at the end of the audience, Francis also asked for silence and prayer for these two people.
During his Sunday Regina Coeli, Pope Francis called for prayers for the two critically ill people at the center of “life issues” debates in England and France.
“I entrust to your prayer persons such as Vincent Lambert in France, little Alfie Evans in England, and others in several countries who live, sometimes for a long time, in a state of grave illness, assisted medically for their primary needs,” the Holy Father said.
“They are delicate situations, very painful and complex.  Let us pray so that every sick person is always respected in his dignity and cared for in a way adapted to his condition, with the harmonious contribution of the family, of doctors and of other health workers, with great respect for life.”
To save Alfie Evans, the case pits parents against hospital in a legal battle over whether care should be continued. Regarding Vincent Lambert, the case involves a debate over whether a severely disabled patient should be allowed to die as a result of lack of food and water.

Even more on today's Papal General Audience

Copyright - Vatican Media

GENERAL AUDIENCE: On Baptism 2: The Sign of the Christian Faith

‘Don’t forget, I repeat: teach the children to make the sign of the cross’

This morning’s General Audience was held at 9:30 in St. Peter’s Square, where the Holy Father Francis met with groups of pilgrims and faithful from Italy and from all over the world.
In his address in Italian, the Pope focused his meditation on Baptism: 2. The Sign of the Christian faith.
After summarizing his catechesis in several languages, the Holy Father expressed special greetings to groups of faithful present. Then he made an appeal for the happy outcome of the spring Meetings of the World Bank, which will take place in Washington next Saturday, and he invited again to pray for Vincent Lambert and little Alfie Evans.
The General Audience ended with the singing of the Pater Noster and the Apostolic Blessing.
* * *
The Holy Father’s Catechesis
Dear Brothers and Sisters, good morning!
In this Easter Season we continue the catecheses on Baptism. The meaning of Baptism stands out clearly by its celebration; therefore we turn our attention to it. Considering the gestures and words of the liturgy, we can receive the grace and the commitment of this Sacrament, which is ever to be rediscovered. We recall it with the aspersion of blessed water, which can be done on Sunday at the beginning of the Mass, as well as in the renewal of the baptismal promises during the Easter Vigil. In fact, what happens in the celebration of Baptism arouses a spiritual dynamic that runs through the whole life of the baptized; it’s the start of a process, which enables one to live united to Christ in the Church. Therefore, to return to the source of the Christian life leads us to understand better the gift received on the day of our Baptism, and to renew our commitment to respond to it in the condition in which we find ourselves today — to renew the commitment, to understand this gift better, which is Baptism, and to remember the day of our Baptism. Last Wednesday I asked that tasks be done at home and for every one of us to remember the day of Baptism — on what day we were baptized. I know that some of you know it, others don’t. Those that don’t know it must ask their parents, those persons, godfathers, godmothers . . . ask them: “What is the date of my Baptism?” Because Baptism is a rebirth and it is as if it were a second birthday. Understood? Do this task at home. Ask: “What is the date of my Baptism?”
First of all, in the welcoming rite, the candidate is asked his name, because the name indicates a person’s identity. When we introduce ourselves, we say our name immediately: “I’m called thus,” to come out of anonymity; the anonymous is he who has no name. To come out of anonymity we say our name immediately. Without a name, one remains unknown, without rights and duties. God calls each one of us by name, loving us individually, in the concreteness of our history. Baptism kindles our personal vocation to live as Christians, which is developed throughout life. And it implies a personal response and not borrowed, with a “copy and paste.” In fact, the Christian life is woven of a series of calls and responses: God continues to pronounce our name in the course of the years, having His call resound in a thousand ways to become conformed to His Son Jesus. Therefore, the name is important! It’s very important! Parents already think of the name they will give their child before the birth: this is also part of expecting a child that, in his name, will have his original identity, also for his Christian life connected to God.
To become Christians is, certainly, a gift that comes from on high (Cf. John 3:3-8). Faith can’t be bought, but it can be asked for and received as a gift. “Lord, give me the gift of faith,” it’s a beautiful prayer! “That I may have faith,” is a beautiful prayer. To ask for it as a gift, but it can’t be bought, it is requested. In fact, “Baptism is the Sacrament of that faith with which men, illumined by the grace of the Holy Spirit, respond to Christ’s Gospel” ((Rite of the Baptism of Children, General Introduction, n. 3). The formation of the catechumens and the preparation of the parents tend to arouse and awaken a sincere faith in response to the Gospel, as the listening of the Word of God in the celebration of Baptism itself.
If adult catechumens express personally what they want to receive as a gift from the Church, parents, with the godparents, present the children. The dialogue with them enables them to express the desire that the little ones receive Baptism and the Church’s intention to celebrate it. “Expression of all this is the cross, which the Celebrant and parents trace on the children’s forehead” (Rite of the Baptism of Children, Introduction, n. 16). “The sign of the cross, on the threshold of the celebration, marks with the imprint of Christ the one who is going to belong to Him and signifies the grace of the redemption that Christ won for us by His cross” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1235). In the ceremony we make the sign of the cross on the children. But I want to return to an argument of which I have spoken to you. Do our children know how to make the sign of the cross well? Many times I’ve seen children who don’t know how to make the sign of the cross. And you, fathers, mothers, grandfathers, grandmothers, godfathers, godmothers must teach them to do well the sign of the cross because it is to repeat what was done in Baptism. Have you understood well? Teach the children to make the sign of the cross well.  If they learn it as children, they will do it well later, as grownups.
The cross is the badge that manifests who we are: our speaking, thinking, looking, working is under the sign of the cross, namely, under the sign of Jesus’ love to the end. The children are marked on the forehead. The adult catechumens are also marked on the senses with these words: “Receive the sign of the cross on the ears to listen to the voice of the Lord”; “on the eyes to see the splendour of the face of God”; on the mouth, to respond to the word of God”; on the breast, so that through faith, Christ will dwell in your hearts.”; “on the shoulders, to support Christ’s gentle yoke” (Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults, n. 85). One becomes a Christian to the degree in which the cross is imprinted in us as a “paschal” sign (Cf. Revelation 14:1; 22:4), making visible, also externally, the Christian way of facing life. To do the sign of the cross when we wake up, before meals, before a danger, as a defense against evil, in the evening before sleeping, means to say to ourselves, and to others, to whom we belong, who we want to be. This is why it’s so important to teach children to make well the sign of the cross.  And, as we do on entering a church, we can do so also at home, keeping in a small appropriate glass some blessed water – some families do it: thus every time we come in or go out, by doing the sign of the cross with that water we remember that we are baptized. Don’t forget, I repeat: teach the children to make the sign of the cross.
[Original text: Italian]  [ZENIT’s translation by Virginia M. Forrester]
In Italian
A warm welcome goes to the Italian-speaking faithful.
I’m happy to receive the participants in the Seminar promoted by the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross of Rome and those in the Congress organized by the Focolare Movement; the Members of the Italian Presbyteral Commission and the Deacons of the Archdiocese of Milan. My heartfelt hope is that your pilgrimage to Peter’s tomb will make you ever more generous in witnessing the faith.
I greet the pilgrims of the Order of the Mother of God, on the 80th of the canonization of the Founder, Saint John Leonard; the Parishes; the school Institutes, in particular, the Highlands Institute of Rome; the Flag Wavers and Musicians of Asti; the “Common Good Music” Association of Rome
A special thought goes to young people, the sick and newlyweds. I invite all to see the Risen Jesus, alive and present in our midst, as the true teacher of life; may His intercession obtain for you serenity and peace and His teaching be an encouragement for you in the daily path toward holiness.
[Original text: Italian]  [ZENIT’s translation by Virginia M. Forrester]
The Holy Father’s Appeal
Taking place in Washington next Saturday is the spring Meetings of the World Bank. I encourage the efforts that, through financial inclusion, seek to promote the life of the poorest, fostering genuine integral development and respectful of human dignity.
I attract attention again on Vincent Lambert and on little Alfie Evans, and I would like to confirm and loudly confirm that God is the only Master of life, from the beginning to its natural end! And our duty, our duty is to do all to protect life. Let us think in silence and pray so that the life of all persons is respected and, especially, of these two brothers of ours. Let us pray in silence.